Laws in Spain
Private property is designated as one of the fundamental rights of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The Civil Code regulates the methods of acquisition of immovable property (Article 609), specifying that the owner has the authority or right to it under the law.
Spanish law protects the rights of the owner (Article 33.1 and 2, Article 28 of the Constitution), and registers it to the property in the Register of owners.
An important fact is that a foreigner (non-resident in Spain) can be a full-fledged owner of the immovable property, unlike a number of countries where to buy property need to register a legal entity with a nominal director (resident).